Posted in: Cancer by Dr. Tarang Krishna
What is the prostate gland?
The prostate gland is found in the male individual below the bladder. It plays a role in producing semen.
Cancer in the prostrate has become very common but if detected early it can be treated. If there are any symptoms that you feel are different from normal, you should get screened.
What are the symptoms to watch out for before getting screened for prostate cancer?
- Frequent pain in the abdominal region.
- Pain while urinating.
- Difficulty while passing urine or holding the stream.
- Any discharge or blood in urine.
Getting screened for prostate cancer is essential.
What tests detect cancer in the prostate gland?
As there is no standardised test to detect prostate cancer, experts are studying different tests to find those with the fewest risks and most benefits.
Digital Rectal Exam (DRE): The practitioner inserts a lubricated, gloved finger into the rectum to feel the prostate for lumps or anything unusual.
Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) blood test: The PSA level may be high if you have prostate cancer. It also be high in case of an enlarged prostate (BPH) or other prostate problems.
If your screening results are abnormal, your doctor may do more tests, like a biopsy, ultrasound or MRI.
What if the doctor says it is prostrate cancer?
Prostate cancer treatment in India is done by chemotherapy. Radiation and surgical procedures are also available. But the latter are the least preferred processes due to damage they can cause to the healthy tissues.
Experts are optimistic about the Immunotherapy option for cancer. Research indicates that’s the ability to boost immune system to attack cancer cells is very successful. Immunotherapy has not indicated any side-effects compared to chemotherapy and radiation therapy.
Hormone therapy is also being used to treat cancer of the prostrate. The treatment can help relieve symptoms and prevent further growth and spread of cancer. But it does not cure the cancer.
The main type of hormone therapy is called a luteinizing hormone-releasing hormones (LH-RH) agonist. This medication will block the testicles from making testosterone.
The side effects of hormonal therapy are nausea and vomiting, hot flashes, anemia, fatigue, osteoporosis, reduced sexual desire, decreased muscle mass, weight gain, and impotence.
Hence, cancer experts worldwide are of the opinion that Immunotherapy is one of the best form of treating cancer as the side-effects do not aggravate the process of healing. The treatment for prostate cancer is silent and will not produce any discomfort to the already suffering cancer patient.
Treat cancer, Heal Life!