Posted in: Cancer by Dr. Tarang Krishna
The best protection is early detection. Know more about this avoidable disease in the following blog. What is cervical cancer? Cervical cancer- 2nd most common cancer affecting women, is the cancer of the cervix which is the lower part of the uterus. It is caused by uncontrolled growth of malignant cells. Around 500,000 women worldwide are diagnosed with cervical cancer each year. What are the risk factors? Few of the most common factors that increase the risk include:
- HPV (Human Papilloma virus): There are more than 100 types of HPV out of which 15 are considered to increase the risk for cancer of the cervix. Type 16 and 18 being the most common which is the cause of 70% cases of the cervical cancer.
- Smoking: Smoking tends to destroy the lining of the cervix that help fight against the disease.
- Chlamydia infection: Bacterial infection that is spread through sexual contact can cause pelvic inflammation, leading to infertility. According to few research infected by Chlamydia can increase the cancer risk.
- Long term use of oral contraceptives: According to research long term use of contraceptive pills increase the risk of cervical cancer. Doctor should be consulted when these pills are to be consumed for long time.
- Overweight and diet low in fruits and vegetables.
- Age: Becoming pregnant at a young age (below 17) increases the risk by almost 2 times compared to women who get pregnant after 24.
What are the symptoms of cervical cancer? Few of the most common symptoms include:
- Bleeding from the vagina at times other than periods and after and before sex.
- Pain during sex.
- Unpleasant vaginal discharge.
- Loss of appetite and unexplained weight loss.
- Severe back pain and pelvic pain.
How is cervical cancer diagnosed? The initial step to diagnose the cancer is Pap test. Women with abnormal result can then go for physical examination, colposcopic biopsy and cone biopsy. How is cervical cancer treated? Treatment depends on various factors ranging from age to the stage of cancer. Few of the most common treatments include:
- Surgery to remove a part or the entire womb
- Radiotherapy or Chemotherapy
- Immunotherapy: A therapy that uses the body’s immune system to fight cancer without any major side effects like hair loss, damage to normal cells etc. This therapy can also be used in combination with the above mentioned therapies giving almost cent percent results.
To know more about this therapy click here: Immunotherapy- Cancer Healer Therapy