Posted in: Bladder Cancer Treatment by Dr. Tarang Krishna
Cancer staging is the process of determining the extent to which a cancer has developed. It is a way of describing where the cancer is located or has spread or whether it is affecting the other parts of the body or not. Doctors use “stages” of cancer to determine and describe the severity of your particular case. Information about the stage helps the doctor decide what kind of treatment is best and can help to predict a patient’s prognosis.
1. Stage 0 - Describes "Carcinoma in situ" - This is the most initial stage where the cancer cells are found in the inner layer of the gallbladder and not grown in the deeper layers. This is also called carcinoma in situ. It has not spread to nearby lymph nodes or to the distant sites.
2. Stage I - The tumour has grown into the muscle layer. However, it has not spread to the nearby lymph nodes or to the distant sites.
3. Stage IIA - The cancer at this stage grows through the muscle layer in the fibrous tissue on the side of the peritoneum. It has not spread to the nearby lymph nodes or to the distant sites.
4. Stage IIB - The cancer grows through the muscle layer in the fibrous tissue on the side of the liver without invading the liver. It has still not spread to nearby lymph nodes or to the distant sites.
5. Stage IIIA - The cancer has grown through the outermost covering of the gallbladder and directly into the liver or a nearby structure such as the stomach, colon, pancreas or the bile duct. It has still not spread to nearby lymph nodes or to the distant sites.
6. Stage IIIB - The cancer has not grown directly in the liver or nearby organs but has spread to no more than 3 lymph nodes. It has however, not spread to the distant sites.
7. Stage IVA - The tumour has grown in one of the main blood vessels leading in the liver or has grown into 2 or more structures outside. It has not spread to more than 2 nearby lymph nodes but no to the distant sites.
8. Stage IVB - The primary tumour may or may not have grown outside the gallbladder. It could have also spread to about 4 or more lymph nodes but not to the distant sites.
The primary tumour may or may not have grown outside the gallbladder or may or may not have spread to the lymph nodes. It also spreads to the distant sites such as the liver, peritoneum or the lungs.
Gallbladder Cancer Treatment
Gallbladder Cancer Treatment and recovery options depend on the following -
1. Type and stage of the cancer
2. Whether cancer can be completely removed by surgery
3. Whether the cancer has just been diagnosed or recurred.
Cancer Treatment depends on age of patient, nature and extent of disease. It can be cured only if it found before it has spread and when it can be removed by surgery. If the cancer has spread, sedative or palliative cancer treatment can improve the patient’s quality of life by managing and directing the signs and complications of this disease.
Another option for Gall Bladder cancer is immunotherapy cancer treatment. It is a therapy that fights cancer by using the body’s immune system. The immunotherapy cancer treatment holds great potential in recovering patients with improved qulaity of life as compared to the conventional treatment. At Cancer Healer Centre, a renowned cancer hospital in Delhi, it uses Cancer Healer Therapy offering long-term protection.
The gallbladder cancer treatment types vary on the type and stage. If spotted at an early stage, the chances of gallbladder cancer treatment are extremely high. However, a combination of one or more treatments such as surgery, chemotherapy and radiation therapy can also be used.
28 Mar, 2018