About Bladder Cancer
The bladder serves as a reservoir for urine in our bodies. It permits the storage of urine for a period of time before releasing it as we urinate. Bladder cancer occurs when cells in the lining of the bladder grow uncontrollably and form tumors that can invade normal tissues and spread to other parts of the body.
It is the fourth most common cancer in men and the eighth most common cancer in women.
- Smoking: Smoking cigarettes increases the risk of bladder cancer by 4 times. People with the highest risk are those who smoke heavily, began smoking at a young age, or who have been smoking for a long time. Smoking cigars and pipes also increases bladder cancer risk
- Chemicals: Chemicals like arylamines are known to cause bladder cancer. However it can take up to 25 years for a bladder cancer to develop. Other chemicals like chlorine which is used to disinfect water, can break down into chemicals called trihalomethanes (THMs). Some studies have linked the exposure of THMs with bladder cancer risk
- Cancer treatments: Treatment with radiotherapy and chemotherapy drugs like cyclophosphamide and cisplatin also increase the risk.
- Diabetes: People who have diabetes have been found to have an increase in their risk of developing bladder of around a third in comparison to people who do not have diabetes. This is probably due to a particular drug used in type 2 diabetes treatments called pioglitazone (which is a type of thiazolidinedione)
- Bladder stones: Presence of stones in the bladder increases the risk of bladder cancer. This is because stones can cause chronic infections.
- The most common symptom of bladder cancer is the presence of blood in the urine, called hematuria.
- Increased frequency of urination
- Feeling of urgency of urination
- Pain and burning during urination
In advanced cases, the tumor can obstruct either the entrance of urine into the bladder or the exit of urine from the bladder. This causes severe pain, infection, and damage to the kidneys
- Cytologic examination: It is one of the most common tests for screening bladder cancer. It involves testing urine for the presence of abnormal cells, which would indicate the possibility of a cancer. Over 95% of the time it accurately predicts the presence of bladder cancer.
- Ultrasound scan: This test can help find the blockage in the tubes between the kidney and the bladder
- CT Scan: This test allows to find if the blood in the urine is coming from the bladder or from other parts of the urinary tract.
- Intravenous Urogram: It is an X-ray examination thats look at the whole of the urinary system and helps find out whether it is healthy or not.
- Smoking is the strongest risk factor associated with the development of this cancer. And it should be stopped immediately.
- Avoid exposure to industrial chemicals.
- Choose a low fat, low cholesterol diet that is filled with fruits and vegetables.
- Increase your fluid intake as it dilutes the cancer causing chemicals.
- Other than these preventative measures, decreasing the risk of bladder cancer relies on early detection of symptoms and possibly screening high-risk individuals.
Bladder cancer treatment depends on the type of cancer, how advanced the cancer is, its spread and the age of the patient. At Cancer Healer Center, we use Cancer Healer Therapy which stimulates the immune system to fight cancer with complete, effective and long- lasting cure for patients. Be it the advanced or last stage, bladder cancer treatment is available for all stages. The treatment aims to fight cancer and restores its ability to eliminate cancer cells in the future.
Depending on the stage of the cancer and other factors, bladder cancer treatment options for people can include –
3. Radiation Therapy
5. Intravesical therapy
Sometimes, the best option may include a combination of more than one type of treatment.Surgery, alone or with other options is viable for most bladder cancer treatment. But with surgery, it is difficult to remove 100% cancer cells, there are chances of recurrence in near future. Si, in such cases Immunotherapy, has helped the patient's to recover with improved quality of life and better chances of survival. Removing the bladder is one way to avoid this but can have some major side effects. Whether the other bladder cancer treatments are given or not, close follow up is needed to look for signs of new cancer in the bladder.