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Leukaemia (Blood cancer) Treatment

Leukaemia (Blood cancer) Treatment

About Leukaemia Cancer

Leukaemia is a cancer of blood cells. It begins in the bone marrow which are the soft tissues inside the bones. Most often, it is a cancer of white blood cells but some leukaemia start in other blood cells types. It produces abnormal white blood cells called leukaemia cells. These abnormal blood cells grow faster than normal blood cells and do not stop when they are supposed to.

There are several types of Leukaemia. In general, Leukaemia can be grouped into two broad categories:

  • bulletAcute or Chronic: Acute Leukaemia gets worse in a short time period and may make you feel sick right away. Chronic Leukaemia gets worse slowly and may not cause symptoms for years.
  • bullet Lymphocytic or Myelogenous: Lymphocytic leukaemia affects white blood cells. Myelogenous leukaemia affects white blood cells called myelocytes.

Types of Leukaemia include:

  • bulletAcute Lymphoblastic Leukaemia (ALL)
  • bullet Acute Myelogenous Leukaemia (AML)
  • bulletChronic Lymphocytic Leukaemia ( CLL)
  • bulletChronic Myelogenous Leukaemia (CML)

Causes of Leukaemia

The exact cause of leukaemia is still not known, however there are few risk factors which increase the risk of certain kinds of leukaemia. These include:

  • bulletCertain genetic disorders like down syndrome are associated with increased risk of leukemia.
  • bulletPeople exposed to high level of radiations . Nuclear reactor, for instance.
  • bulletCertain Chemical Exposure like Benzene.
  • bulletViral Infections.
  • bulletSmoking and tobacco use is associated with acute myelogenous leukemia.
  • bulletPeople with medical conditions like Pneumonia, sinusitis, chronic osteoarthritis etc. have a slightly higher risk of developing leukemia.
  • bulletFamily history.

Symptoms:

Common Symptoms of acute or chronic leukaemia may include:

  • bulletSwelling and pain on the left side of the abdomen
  • bulletSwollen lymph nodes that usually don't hurt
  • bulletFrequent bleeding from the gums or rectum and heavy menstrual bleeding
  • bulletFeeling Weak or tired
  • bulletWeight Loss or loss of appetite for no known reason
  • bulletFever or Night Sweats
  • bulletBone pain

Diagnosis:

Leukaemia is diagnosed after a routine blood test. Later, the following tests are done to confirm the presence of cancer cells:

  • bullet Physical Test: This test helps people detect swollen lymph nodes.
  • bulletBlood Tests: Complete blood count is done to check the number of white blood cells, red blood cells and platelets.
  • bulletBiopsy: Samples of tissues are removed to look for the cancer cells. It is the only sure way to find the leukaemia cells in the bone marrow.
  • bulletOther Tests: Other tests depend on the symptoms and the type of leukaemia. These include:
    • bulletCytogenetics: In this test, chromosomes of cells are checked from the samples of blood, bone marrow, or lymph nodes. If abnormal chromosomes are found, the test can show what type of leukaemia is there.
    • bulletSpinal Tap: In this test, a long, thin needle is used to remove fluid from the lower spine. The fluid is checked for leukaemia cells or other symptoms.
    • bulletChest X-Ray: An X-ray can show swollen lymph nodes or other signs of disease in the chest.

Prevention:

There is no known way to prevent most types of Leukaemia, however we can reduce the risk by:

  • bulletAvoiding high doses of radiation.
  • bulletIntake of proper Nutrition & staying physically active.
  • bulletReducing exposure to chemicals like benzene.
  • bulletQuitting Smoking and tobacco.

Treatment:

Blood cancer treatment is highly variable. For the slow growing leukemias, blood cancer treatment may include monitoring. For advanced cases of leukaemias, blood cancer treatment may involve chemotherapy followed by radiation and transplants. The treatment of Leukaemia varies depending on the type and stage of the disease. Chances of recovery are always better when diagnosed in early stages. However, cancer healer therapy helps in treating the disease even when it has reached in advanced or metastatic stages. It works on the principle of Immunotherapy that enhances the immune cells of the body i.e. B-CELL, T-CELL to fight against the cancer cells and helps control the disease. Also, Cancer Healer Therapy can be used in combination with other traditional therapies. But always remember that taking an active role in making decisions regarding your treatment can have a positive effect on the health and the quality of life. The first and foremost choice is to select a specialist to manage the treatment or find the best blood cancer hospital in Delhi or around.

So are you looking for a blood cancer hospital in Delhi? If yes, Cancer Healer Centre has proved to be one of the  best blood cancer hospital in Delhi with superior treatment methods and procedures . They understand the importance of communication with your specialist and with the team coordinating your care is very important. Your doctor should inform you about your diagnosis, treatment options and test results so that you can function together as a team.  Understanding your diagnosis is sure to help you make an informed decision about your treatment and give a greater understanding of the advancements in the blood cancer treatment and improvements in the quality of life.

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