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Mouth / Oral Cancer

Mouth / Oral Cancer

About Oral Cancer

Mouth cancer or oral cancer can occur anywhere on the surface of the tongue, in the mouth, the lips, inside the cheek, gums, in the roof and floor of the mouth, the tonsils and the salivary glands.

 

Risk Factors:

  • Gender: Oral Cancer is twice as common in men than women. Because, active addiction like alcohol and tobacco has an adverse effect over the health.
  • Age: The average age is 62. Two-thirds of the individuals with this disease are over 55.
  • Genetics: Some inherited genetic mutations cause different syndromes in the body leading to a high risk of oral cancer.
  • Lifestyle: Most of the people with oral cancer are heavy drinkers and consume tobacco. The daily habits are associated with an increased oral cancer risks.
  • Ultraviolet light: It is more common amongst the people who work outdoors with a long exposure to sunlight.

 

Symptoms:

Other mouth cancer signs are -

  • Persistent tongue and jaw pain.
  • A lump or thickening in the inside of the mouth with a hoarse voice.
  • Difficulty in swallowing or chewing.
  • Difficulty moving the jaw or tongue.
  • Recurring and non-healing ulcers.
  • A white or red patch on the gums, tongue and lining of the mouth.
  • Sore throat or a feeling that something is caught in the throat which does not go away.

The symptoms can sometimes be mistaken for a cold that will not go away or a persistent sore in the mouth.

 

Preventions:

To prevent oral cancer:

  • Don’t smoke or use any tobacco products and limit alcohol consumption.
  • Eat a healthy and well-balanced diet.
  • Limit your exposure to the sun. Repeated exposure increases the risk of cancer on the lip, especially the lower lip. When in sun, use UV-A/B blocking sun protective lotions on your skins, as well as your lips.
  • See the dentist on a regular basis.
  • Conduct a self-exam at least once a month as a part of the mouth cancer treatment.

 

Diagnosis:

As part of your routine dental exam, your dentist will conduct an oral cancer screening exam. Your dentist will feel for any lumps or irregular tissue changes, sores or discoloured tissue in the neck, head, face and oral cavity. A biopsy may be required to determine the suspicious area. There is different kind of biopsies and your doctor can determine which one is best. Many doctors do not use brush biopsies because they are very easy and still need a scalpel biopsy to confirm the results if the brush biopsy is positive. Some doctors perform the diagnosis with lasers.

 

Treatment:

Oral Cancer Treatment is the same as many other cancers. Mouth cancer treatment depends on the location and stage of the cancer, the patient’s general health and personal preferences. It may require a surgery to remove the outgrowth, followed by radiation therapy or chemotherapy to destroy any of the remaining cells. The doctors can also target drug therapy to change the aspects of cancer cells that help them grow as a part of the mouth cancer treatment. Immunotherapy is also an effective oral cancer treatment. It strengthens and restores the immune system's ability to fight cancer and treat recurring and metastatic oral cancer. A combination of oral cancer treatment may be necessary.

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