Posted in: Liver Cancer by Dr. Tarang Krishna
Diseases like Liver Cancer are best treated when diagnosed in early stages. This helps a doctor to bring an effective cure, after affirming the nature, size, stage and spread of the disease.
For treating cancer, a doctor first suggests Blood Tests, Imaging, and Bone scans, which leads to correct liver cancer diagnosis. Other then size and spread, a patient's age and hereditary factors play a major role in determining correct treatment.
Let’s first know about Symptoms of Liver Cancer:
1) Unaccounted Weight loss
2) Loss of appetite
4) Swelling in the liver and feeling of a mass under the ribs
5) Pain in the abdomen area
6) Swelling or fluid build-up in the abdomen
Tests for Liver Cancer Diagnosis
After checking the symptoms, it becomes necessary for a doctor to conduct these tests, which helps in choosing correct liver cancer treatment.
The first test that a doctor suggests when he suspects Liver Cancer is Blood tests. A sample of blood is collected and different factors are delibrated to find out about the nature of the abnormalities. Few common types of blood tests are as follows:
1) Alpha-Fetoprotein (AFP)
2) Alanine aminotransferase (ALT)
3) Aspartate aminotransferase (AST)
4) Alkaline phosphatase (ALP)
5) Gamma-glutamyl transferase (Gamma-GT)
A doctor recommends imaging tests to get inside picture of the organ, which helps to know about the spread of the tumor. These tests are as follows:
An ultrasound scan includes the application of sound waves to image the disease.
A Computed tomography(CT) scan is a Xray test to find out cross-sectional images of the Liver.
An MRI scan creates pictures using magnetism and radio waves. It is an advanced test for liver cancer diagnosis.
In a biopsy, a part of the liver is removed as a sample to study under a microscope. This gives an elaborate idea about the disease.
A test in where a small operation is conducted in the abdomen area to have a clear look at the liver. At times the tumor is spread in the parts, which are difficult to image; this test is effective for those cases.
Liver cancer tends to spread to other parts of the body including bones. Few symptoms bring suspicion to the doctor about the spread of disease and therefore, they suggest a bone scan to a liver cancer patient.
To know more about liver cancer and immunotherapy treatment, consult Cancer Healer Center.